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Int J Clin Pract. 2005 Oct;59(10):1195-203.

Varicose veins arising from the pelvis due to ovarian vein incompetence.

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Wellington Hospital, London, UK.


Vulval varices and perivulval veins are common though often unrecognised, and pelvic pain is a common complaint, sometimes without an obvious cause, hence treatment is not always successful. An association between these two problems has long been established, and some cases of pelvic pain are clearly associated with venous pathology. Often, these patients present to the vein clinic with recurrent varicose veins, because the standard procedures have failed and the pelvic origin was not recognised. The understanding of the pathology has evolved and will be reviewed. To establish diagnosis, the communication from the atypical varicose veins in the legs to the ovarian veins must be shown and incompetence of one or both ovarian veins must be demonstrated. Treatment requires elimination of the retrograde flow in the ovarian veins. This can be by either surgical ligation and removal or obliteration with coils and sclerosant. Having removed the cause and relieved the pelvic symptoms, the leg veins can then be successfully treated.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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