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Clin Exp Metastasis. 1992 Jul;10(4):239-52.

Immunotherapy of mammary adenocarcinoma metastases in C3H/HeN mice with chronic administration of cyclo-oxygenase inhibitors alone or in combination with IL-2.

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1
Department of Anatomy, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada.

Abstract

In this study the efficacy of treatment of two cyclo-oxygenase inhibitors, ibuprofen (Ibu) and indomethacin (Indo), are compared in the immunotherapy of metastasis designed to reverse prostaglandin E2 (PGE2)-mediated inactivation of interleukin-2 (IL-2)-dependent host killer cell lineages. These agents were tested either alone for the prevention of metastasis or in combination with IL-2 for the eradication of established metastasis. C3H/HeN mice were placed on chronic oral Ibu (CIbT; 200 and 600 micrograms/ml of water) or Indo (CIT; 10 micrograms/ml) 5 days after s.c. transplantation of 5 x 10(5) metastatic C3L5 mammary carcinoma for the prevention of spontaneous lung metastases. They showed intolerance to Indo at a dosage of 14 micrograms/ml, which was well tolerated by other mouse strains in previous studies, but tolerated the Ibu dosages used. Control and treated mice were killed on day 30 to score metastatic lung colonies, to evaluate killer activity in splenocytes against natural killer (NK)-sensitive YAC-1 lymphoma or NK-resistant C3L5 adenocarcinoma and 8911 lymphoma targets, and to phenotype the surface markers of killer cells. CIbT and CIT alone at the above dosage significantly reduced the number of lung colonies, retarded local tumor growth and restored NK activity of splenic killer cells expressing AGM-1+, Thy-1-, Lyt-2- phenotype. To treat established lung metastasis, mice bearing 15-day C3L5 transplants were given CIbT or CIT alone or in combination with two 4-day rounds (days 20-23, 31-34) of IL-2 (15,000 Cetus units, i.p. every 8 h) and were killed on day 35 to score lung colonies and characterize splenic killer cells. CIbT or CIT alone reduced the number of spontaneous lung metastases and restored anti-YAC-1 killer function of splenocytes with NK-like phenotype (AGM-1+, Thy-1-, Lyt-2-); some anti-C3L5 killer function was also generated in the high dose Ibu group and the killer cell showed AGM-1+, Thy-1+ and Lyt-2+ phenotype. Combined therapies with CIbT or CIT plus IL-2 were more effective in reducing metastases and promoting killer cell function, the best results being achieved with high dose Ibu+IL-2. All killer cells expressed AGM-1 and Thy-1. In addition, C3L5 killer cells also expressed Lyt-2, suggesting T-cell stimulation. PGE2 synthesis in the host was inhibited by at least 50% in mice subjected to CIbT or CIT.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS).

PMID:
1617832
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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