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Nano Lett. 2005 Jul;5(7):1231-6.

General route to vertical ZnO nanowire arrays using textured ZnO seeds.

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Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA.


A method for growing vertical ZnO nanowire arrays on arbitrary substrates using either gas-phase or solution-phase approaches is presented. A approximately 10 nm-thick layer of textured ZnO nanocrystals with their c axes normal to the substrate is formed by the decomposition of zinc acetate at 200-350 degrees C to provide nucleation sites for vertical nanowire growth. The nanorod arrays made in solution have a rod diameter, length, density, and orientation desirable for use in ordered nanorod-polymer solar cells.

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