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Saline Systems. 2005 Aug 4;1:5.

Organic compatible solutes of halotolerant and halophilic microorganisms.

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Merkert Chemistry Center, Boston College, 2609 Beacon Street, Chestnut Hill, MA 02465, USA.


Microorganisms that adapt to moderate and high salt environments use a variety of solutes, organic and inorganic, to counter external osmotic pressure. The organic solutes can be zwitterionic, noncharged, or anionic (along with an inorganic cation such as K(+)). The range of solutes, their diverse biosynthetic pathways, and physical properties of the solutes that effect molecular stability are reviewed.

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