Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Pediatr Transplant. 2005 Oct;9(5):646-51.

Potential etiologies of biliary atresia.

Author information

  • 1Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, OH 45229, USA.


Biliary atresia is the most common cause of neonatal cholestasis and the leading indication for pediatric liver transplantation worldwide. The disease is caused by a progressive inflammatory and fibrosing obliteration of the extrahepatic bile ducts. Although the cause of this obstruction is largely unknown, patient-based studies have identified environmental and genetic factors that may interact and orchestrate disease pathogenesis. Chief among these factors are infectious and immunologic processes. While infectious agents have varied in different patient populations, studies of liver specimens at different phases of disease point to a pro-inflammatory commitment of lymphocytes at the time of diagnosis, and to their potential role in regulating bile duct obstruction. A review of these studies is the focus of this article.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center