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Can J Microbiol. 2005 Jul;51(7):523-30.

Antigenic and genetic characterization of serogroup C meningococci isolated from invasive meningococcal disease cases in Canada from 1999 to 2003.

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Laboratory of Pathogenic Neisseria and Vaccine Preventable Bacterial Diseases, National Microbiology Laboratory, Canada.


Four hundred and forty-two serogroup C Neisseria meningitidis isolates from individual invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) patients in Canada during the period 1999 to 2003 were analyzed. The majority (84%) of the serogroup C meningococci were characterized by the serotype antigen 2a and belonged to the clonal complex of electrophoretic type ET-15. However, after more than a decade of endemic disease as well as a number of outbreaks and many vaccination campaigns, both genetic and antigenic variants of the serogroup C serotype 2a meningococci were noted. Such variants include strains characterized as C:2a:P1.5 and C:2a:P1.7,1 as well as a non-serotypeable phenotype due to a mutational hot spot on the serotype 2a PorB outer-membrane protein. Meningococci characterized by the antigen formula B:2a:P1.5,2 and B:2a:P1.7,1 have also been found, which suggests capsule switching. Besides the clonal group of ET-15/ET-37, small numbers of serogroup C isolates were found to belong to the clonal complexes of ST-8 (Cluster A4), ST-41/44 (Lineage 3), ST-35, and ST-269.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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