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J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2005 Nov;39(5):743-53. Epub 2005 Sep 19.

Acto-myosin crossbridge kinetics in humans with coronary artery disease: influence of sex and diabetes mellitus.

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Department of Medicine, University of Vermont College of Medicine, 89 Beaumont Avenue, Given C-207, Burlington, VT 05405-0068, USA.


Risk of heart failure (HF) is influenced by sex and diabetes mellitus (DM). To better understand these interactions, sub-epicardial myocardium from 26 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing coronary bypass surgery was examined in vitro using sinusoidal length perturbation analysis at varying [Ca(2+)] to determine the viscoelastic properties of myofilaments related to acto-myosin crossbridge kinetics. Half of the patients had CAD only (four female, F-CAD; nine male, M-CAD), while the other half had both CAD and Type 2 DM (six F-DM; seven M-DM). At maximal and sub-maximal myofilament Ca(2+) activation there was a significant effect of sex and disease on frequency of maximum oscillatory work output during sinusoidal perturbation (P<0.05). Myofilaments from F-CAD produced oscillatory work at significantly higher frequencies compared with M-CAD, while myofilaments from F-DM and M-DM produced work at similar frequencies. Correspondingly, minimum viscoelastic stiffness at maximum Ca(2+) activation occurred at significantly higher frequencies in F-CAD (5.0+/-0.3 Hz) than M-CAD (3.3+/-0.3 Hz), but at similar frequencies in F-DM (3.7+/-0.3 Hz) and M-DM (4.3+/-0.2 Hz). Thus, sex influences acto-myosin crossbridge kinetics in myofilaments isolated from CAD patients. These sex-related differences were absent in DM, suggesting that differences in the properties of cardiac muscle contribute to reported sex differences in the incidence and mortality of HF in DM.

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