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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1992 Jun 10;1135(2):221-5.

Modulation by protein kinase C of the hormonal responsiveness of hepatocytes from lean (Fa/fa?) and obese (fa/fa) Zucker rats.

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  • 1Departamento de Bioenergética, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City.

Abstract

The effect of phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) on the hormonal responsiveness of hepatocytes from lean and obese Zucker rats was studied. Phenylephrine-stimulated phosphatydylinositol labeling and phosphorylase activation were antagonized by PMA in cells from obese and lean animals; bigger residual effects were observed in cells from obese animals even at high PMA concentrations. Cyclic AMP accumulation induced by isoproterenol, glucagon, forskolin and cholera toxin was higher in cells from lean animals than in those from obese rats. PMA diminished glucagon- and cholera toxin-induced cyclic AMP accumulation; cells from lean animals were more sensitive to PMA. Two groups of isoforms of protein kinase C (PKC) were observed in hepatocytes from Zucker rats using DEAE-cellulose column chromatography: PKC 1 and PKC 2. The PKC 1 isozymes were separated into four peaks using hydroxylapatite: aa, 1a (PKC-beta), 1b (PKC-alpha) and 1c. Short treatment with PMA decreased the activity of PKC 1 (peaks 1b (PKC-alpha) and 1c) and to a lesser extent of PKC 2; cells from lean animals were more sensitive to PMA than those obtained from obese rats. Our results indicate that cells from genetically obese Zucker rats are in general less sensitive to this activator of protein kinase C than those from their lean littermates. The possibility that alterations in the phosphorylation/dephosphorylation cycles, that control metabolism and hormonal responsiveness, may contribute to this obese state is suggested.

PMID:
1616941
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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