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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Dec 9;338(1):175-90. Epub 2005 Sep 8.

Rieske business: structure-function of Rieske non-heme oxygenases.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Iowa Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine, 51 Newton Road, 4-403 BSB, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA.


Rieske non-heme iron oxygenases (RO) catalyze stereo- and regiospecific reactions. Recently, an explosion of structural information on this class of enzymes has occurred in the literature. ROs are two/three component systems: a reductase component that obtains electrons from NAD(P)H, often a Rieske ferredoxin component that shuttles the electrons and an oxygenase component that performs catalysis. The oxygenase component structures have all shown to be of the alpha3 or alpha3beta3 types. The transfer of electrons happens from the Rieske center to the mononuclear iron of the neighboring subunit via a conserved aspartate, which is shown to be involved in gating electron transport. Molecular oxygen has been shown to bind side-on in naphthalene dioxygenase and a concerted mechanism of oxygen activation and hydroxylation of the ring has been proposed. The orientation of binding of the substrate to the enzyme is hypothesized to control the substrate selectivity and regio-specificity of product formation.

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