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Mol Cell. 2005 Sep 16;19(6):753-64.

Yos9p detects and targets misfolded glycoproteins for ER-associated degradation.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA.


Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) quality control mechanisms monitor the folding of nascent secretory and membrane polypeptides. Immature molecules are actively retained in the folding compartment whereas proteins that fail to fold are diverted to proteasome-dependent degradation pathways. We report that a key pathway of ER quality control consists of a two-lectin receptor system consisting of Yos9p and Htm1/Mnl1p that recognizes N-linked glycan signals embedded in substrates. This pathway recognizes lumenally oriented determinants of soluble and membrane proteins. Yos9p binds directly to substrates to discriminate misfolded from folded proteins. Substrates displaying cytosolic determinants can be degraded independently of this system. Our studies show that mechanistically divergent systems collaborate to guard against passage and accumulation of misfolded proteins in the secretory pathway.

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