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Crit Care Clin. 2005 Oct;21(4):707-18, vi.

Vesicants.

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1
US Army Institute of Surgical Research, 3400 Rawley E. Chambers Avenue, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234-6315, USA. john.mcmanus@amedd.army.mil

Abstract

Vesicants (or blister agents) are cytotoxic alkylating compounds, which are chemical agents sometimes collectively known as mustard gas or simply as mustard. Other blister agents are nitrogen mustard; sulfur mustard; lewisite, a vesicant that contains arsenic; and phosgene oxime, a halogenated oxime that possesses different properties and toxicity from the other agents. This article discusses history, toxicity, clinical presentation, and common treatment for vesicants.

PMID:
16168310
DOI:
10.1016/j.ccc.2005.06.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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