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Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2005 Sep;18(9):899-905.

Recent advances in studies on structure and symbiosis-related function of rhizobial K-antigens and lipopolysaccharides.

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Lehrstuhl für Genetik, Fakultät für Biologie, Universität Bielefeld, Postfach 100131, D-33501 Bielefeld, Germany. Anke.Becker@Genetik.Uni-Bielefeld.DE


Exopolysaccharides (EPSs) and K polysaccharides (K-antigens, capsular polysaccharides, or KPSs) are important for the recognition of the symbiotic partner and the infection process, whereas lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) may function at a later stage of symbiosis. Recently, considerable progress has been made in the structural investigation of rhizobial K-antigens and LPSs. This structural data, together with the availability of more and more mutant data, allows new insights into the structure-function relationships of surface polysaccharides and the mode of their action on host cells. This review focuses on rhizobial LPSs and K-antigens. It gives a condensed overview of the recent developments in analysis of their structures and roles during symbiosis.

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