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Blood. 2006 Jan 15;107(2):781-5. Epub 2005 Sep 15.

Activating Notch1 mutations in mouse models of T-ALL.

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  • 1Department of Pediatric Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA.


Recent studies have demonstrated that most patients with T-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia (T-ALL) have activating mutations in NOTCH1. We sought to determine whether these mutations are also acquired in mouse models of T-ALL. We sequenced the heterodimerization domain and the PEST domain of Notch1 in our mouse model of TAL1-induced leukemia and found that 74% of the tumors harbor activating mutations in Notch1. Cell lines derived from these tumors undergo G(0)/G(1) arrest and apoptosis when treated with a gamma-secretase inhibitor. In addition, we found activating Notch1 mutations in 31% of thymic lymphomas that occur in mice deficient for various combinations of the H2AX, Tp53, and Rag2 genes. Thus, Notch1 mutations are often acquired as a part of the molecular pathogenesis of T-ALLs that develop in mice with known predisposing genetic alterations.

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