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Clin Chim Acta. 2006 Jan;363(1-2):83-94. Epub 2005 Sep 13.

Pyrosequencing: history, biochemistry and future.

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1
Department of Biotechnology, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Pyrosequencing is a DNA sequencing technology based on the sequencing-by-synthesis principle.

METHODS:

The technique is built on a 4-enzyme real-time monitoring of DNA synthesis by bioluminescence using a cascade that upon nucleotide incorporation ends in a detectable light signal (bioluminescence). The detection system is based on the pyrophosphate released when a nucleotide is introduced in the DNA-strand. Thereby, the signal can be quantitatively connected to the number of bases added. Currently, the technique is limited to analysis of short DNA sequences exemplified by single-nucleotide polymorphism analysis and genotyping. Mutation detection and single-nucleotide polymorphism genotyping require screening of large samples of materials and therefore the importance of high-throughput DNA analysis techniques is significant. In order to expand the field for pyrosequencing, the read length needs to be improved.

CONCLUSIONS:

Th pyrosequencing system is based on an enzymatic system. There are different current and future applications of this technique.

PMID:
16165119
DOI:
10.1016/j.cccn.2005.04.038
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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