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Am J Surg. 2005 Oct;190(4):570-1.

Aromatase inhibitors increase the sensitivity of human tumor cells to monocyte-mediated, antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity.

Author information

1
Cancer Institute, 3120 Glendale Avenue, Toledo, OH 43614, USA. dbraun@mco.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

A randomized, placebo-controlled phase III trial of the breast cancer vaccine Theratope (Biomira Corporation, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada), which expresses the underglycosylated, mucin-associated peptide STn showed that patients treated concomitantly with hormone therapy plus vaccine survived significantly longer than patients treated with hormone therapy plus a control vaccine. The objective of this study was to elucidate a mechanism to explain this effect.

METHODS:

Tumor cells characterized for expression of estrogen receptor (ER), STn, and Mucin-1 (Muc1) were pretreated (24 hours) with the aromatase inhibitor (AI) formestane, followed by assessment of sensitivity to monocyte-mediated killing in the presence and absence of STn or Muc1 antibodies (Abs) using the (51)Cr-release assay.

RESULTS:

ER+/STn+/Muc1+ tumor cells cultured in medium were equally sensitive to killing by monocytes in the absence or presence of STn and Muc1 Abs (mean = 54% and 55% cytolysis, respectively, P = not significant). Formestane-pretreated cells showed decreased sensitivity to killing by monocytes in the absence of Abs (mean = 45% cytolysis, P = .07) but significantly increased sensitivity to monocyte-mediated, antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (MM-ADCC) (mean = 65%, P = .003). These effects were not seen with either ER+/STn-/Muc1+ cells or ER-/STn+/Muc1+ cells, indicating the need for both ER and STn positivity of the target tumor cells.

CONCLUSIONS:

Tumor cells treated with an AI exhibit increased sensitivity to MM-ADCC. The capacity of an AI to "sensitize" tumor cells to this form of antitumor immunity represents a heretofore, undescribed mechanism whereby a hormone-based treatment may collaborate with antigen-specific tumor immunity to produce improved tumor control in vivo in metastatic breast cancer patients.

PMID:
16164922
DOI:
10.1016/j.amjsurg.2005.06.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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