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Am J Med. 2005 Sep;118(9):978-80.

Obesity as a risk factor in venous thromboembolism.

Author information

1
St. Joseph Mercy Oakland Hospital, Pontiac, MI 48341, USA. steinp@trinity-health.org

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Whether obesity is an independent risk factor for pulmonary embolism or deep venous thrombosis has not been fully determined.

METHODS:

We used the database of the National Hospital Discharge Survey to further investigate the potential risk of obesity in venous thromboembolic disease.

RESULTS:

The relative risk of deep venous thrombosis, comparing obese patients with non-obese patients, was 2.50 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.49-2.51). The relative risk of pulmonary embolism was 2.21 (95% CI = 2.20-2.23). Obese females had a greater relative risk for deep venous thrombosis than obese males, 2.75 (95% CI = 2.74-2.76) versus 2.02 (95% CI = 2.01-2.04). Obesity had the greatest impact on both men and women aged less than 40 years.

CONCLUSION:

The data indicate that obesity is a risk factor for venous thromboembolic disease in men as well as women.

PMID:
16164883
DOI:
10.1016/j.amjmed.2005.03.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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