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Aging Cell. 2005 Oct;4(5):235-45.

LET-60 RAS modulates effects of insulin/IGF-1 signaling on development and aging in Caenorhabditis elegans.

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Department of Biology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK.


The DAF-2 insulin/insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) receptor signals via a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway to control dauer larva formation and adult longevity in Caenorhabditis elegans. Yet epistasis analysis suggests signal bifurcation downstream of DAF-2. We have used epistasis analysis to test whether the Ras pathway (which plays a role in signaling from mammalian insulin receptors) acts downstream of DAF-2. We find that an activated Ras mutation, let-60(n1046gf), weakly suppresses constitutive dauer diapause in daf-2 and age-1 (PI3K) mutants. Moreover, increased Ras pathway signaling partially suppresses the daf-2 mutant feeding defect, while reduced Ras pathway signaling enhances it. By contrast, activated Ras extends the longevity induced by mutation of daf-2, while reduced Ras pathway signaling partially suppresses it. Thus, Ras pathway signaling appears to act with insulin/IGF-1 signaling during larval development, but against it during aging.

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