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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Oct 11;102(41):14777-82. Epub 2005 Sep 14.

Overcoming the blood-brain barrier with high-dose enzyme replacement therapy in murine mucopolysaccharidosis VII.

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Department of Pathology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63104, USA.


Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) effectively reverses storage in several lysosomal storage diseases. However, improvement in brain is limited by the blood-brain barrier except in the newborn period. In this study, we asked whether this barrier could be overcome by higher doses of enzyme than are used in conventional trials. We measured the distribution of recombinant human beta-glucuronidase (hGUS) and reduction in storage by weekly doses of 0.3-40 mg/kg administered i.v. over 1-13 weeks to mucopolysaccharidosis type VII mice immunotolerant to recombinant hGUS. Mice given up to 5 mg/kg enzyme weekly over 3 weeks had moderate reduction in meningeal storage but no change in neo-cortical neurons. Mice given 20-40 mg/kg three times over 1 week showed no reduction in storage in any area of the CNS except the meninges. In contrast, mice receiving 4 mg/kg per week for 13 weeks showed clearance not only in meninges but also in parietal neocortical and hippocampal neurons and glia. Mice given 20 mg/kg once weekly for 4 weeks also had decreased neuronal, glial, and meningeal storage and averaged 2.5% of wild-type hGUS activity in brain. These results indicate that therapeutic enzyme can be delivered across the blood-brain barrier in the adult mucopolysaccharidosis type VII mouse if administered at higher doses than are used in conventional ERT trials and if the larger dose of enzyme is administered over a sufficient period. These results may have important implications for ERT for lysosomal storage diseases with CNS involvement.

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