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Cornea. 2005 Oct;24(7):778-82.

Overnight orthokeratology-associated microbial keratitis.

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1
Department of Ophthalmology, National Taiwan University Hospital, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study was designed to report the clinical aspects, microbiologic findings, and treatment outcomes of overnight orthokeratology-associated microbial keratitis.

METHODS:

Medical records of patients with overnight orthokeratology-associated microbial keratitis at National Taiwan University Hospital from August 2000 to October 2001were reviewed. The clinical and microbiologic characteristics and treatment outcomes were investigated.

RESULTS:

Nine patients (in total 10 eyes) from aged 8 to 17 (mean, 12.3 +/- 2.9) years were included in this study. Eight patients had a unilateral infection and one had a bilateral infection. The initial best corrected visual acuities ranged from hand motion to 20/20. The lesions were located at the central cornea in nine eyes (90%). Smears and cultures from corneal scrapings were obtained from all patients. Four eyes were culture-positive, which included nonfermentative Gram-negative bacillus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acanthamoeba. Positive smears from another two eyes revealed Gram-negative bacilli and double-walled cyst. All patients were cured using antimicrobial medications with complete re-epithelization and disappearance of corneal infiltrates. Four eyes had a final best corrected visual acuity of 20/30 or worse after a mean follow-up of 9.4 months, including one eye that had visual acuity of hand motion only. Complications included corneal opacity in all eyes, glaucoma in one eye, and cataract in one eye.

CONCLUSIONS:

Overnight orthokeratology is an important risk factor of microbial keratitis, especially in school children. Acanthamoeba and Gram-negative bacilli, especially Pseudomonas aeruginosa, are the most common pathogens in our series. The risk of microbial keratitis after overnight orthokeratology should not be overlooked.

PMID:
16160491
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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