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Circulation. 2005 Aug 30;112(9 Suppl):I178-83.

Intracoronary injection of CD133-positive enriched bone marrow progenitor cells promotes cardiac recovery after recent myocardial infarction: feasibility and safety.

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1
Cardiovascular Center, OLV Ziekenhuis, Aalst, Belgium. Jozef.Bartunek@olvz-aalst.be

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Bone marrow CD133-positive (CD133+) cells possess high hematopoietic and angiogenic capacity. We tested the feasibility, safety, and functional effects of the use of enriched CD133+ progenitor cells after intracoronary administration in patients with recent myocardial infarction.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Among 35 patients with acute myocardial infarction treated with stenting, 19 underwent intracoronary administration of CD133+ progenitor cells (12.6+/-2.2 x 10(6) cells) 11.6+/-1.4 days later (group 1) and 16 did not (group 2). At 4 months, left ventricular ejection fraction increased significantly in group 1 (from 45.0+/-2.6% to 52.1+/-3.5%, P<0.05), but only tended to increase in case-matched group 2 patients (from 44.3+/-3.1% to 48.6+/-3.6%, P=NS). Likewise, left ventricular regional chordae shortening increased in group 1 (from 11.5+/-1.0% to 16.1+/-1.3%, P<0.05) but remained unchanged in group 2 patients (from 11.1+/-1.1% to 12.7+/-1.3%, P=NS). This was paralleled by reduction in the perfusion defect in group 1 (from 28.0+/-4.1% to 22.5+/-4.1%, P<0.05) and no change in group 2 (from 25.0+/-3.0% to 22.6+/-4.1%, P=NS). In group 1, two patients developed in-stent reocclusion, 7 developed in-stent restenosis, and 2 developed significant de novo lesion of the infarct-related artery. In group 2, four patients showed in-stent restenosis. In group 1 patients without reocclusion, glucose uptake shown by positron emission tomography with 18fluorodeoxyglucose in the infarct-related territory increased from 51.2+/-2.6% to 57.5+/-3.5% (P<0.05). No stem cell-related arrhythmias were noted, either clinically or during programmed stimulation studies at 4 months.

CONCLUSIONS:

In patients with recent myocardial infarction, intracoronary administration of enriched CD133+ cells is feasible but was associated with increased incidence of coronary events. Nevertheless, it seems to be associated with improved left ventricular performance paralleled with increased myocardial perfusion and viability.

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