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Ocul Immunol Inflamm. 2005 Jul-Aug;13(4):279-88.

The role of nitric oxide in resistance to P. aeruginosa ocular infection.

Author information

1
Department of Anatomy/Cell Biology, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA. lhazlett@med.wayne.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study determined the role of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and nitric oxide (NO) in the resistance response of BALB/c mice to P. aeruginosa-induced keratitis.

METHODS:

RT-PCR, nitrite detection, iNOS inhibition, ELISA, and immunohistochemistry were used.

RESULTS:

Early after infection, iNOS mRNA expression and nitrite levels in cornea were elevated compared to levels in the uninfected cornea. Treatment with aminoguanidine sulfate (AG), an inhibitor of iNOS, resulted in extensive corneal destruction, reduced nitrite levels, and reduced nitrotyrosine staining. Infected mice also had increased bacterial burden and elevated levels of MIP-1alpha, IL-1beta, and MIP-2 in the cornea. Dual-labeling immunohistochemistry established the macrophage as the major source of iNOS in the infected cornea.

CONCLUSIONS:

These data provide evidence that iNOS is constitutively expressed in the BALB/c cornea; that iNOS-derived NO is required for bacterial killing/stasis; and that the macrophage is the major cell source of NO.

PMID:
16159718
DOI:
10.1080/09273940590951016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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