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Placenta. 2006 Jun-Jul;27(6-7):592-601. Epub 2005 Sep 12.

Prostaglandin E2 inhibits proliferation and migration of HTR-8/SVneo cells, a human trophoblast-derived cell line.

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Dipartimento di Biologia, sezione di Fisiologia Generale, via L. Borsari, 46, Università di Ferrara, 44100-I Ferrara, Italy.


Normal placentation requires a highly coordinated control of proliferation, migration and invasiveness of extravillous trophoblast cells. Since prostaglandin E2 is a major prostanoid synthesized by intrauterine tissues and highly involved in pregnancy homeostasis, we examined the possibility that it modulates extravillous trophoblast cell functions. Here, we report the presence of mRNAs for prostaglandin E2 EP2 and EP4 receptor isoforms and of proteins in both first-trimester human chorionic villi and in the human trophoblast-derived HTR-8/SVneo cells. Moreover we found that: (i) this cell line releases prostaglandin E2 and the output is enhanced by interleukin-1beta; (ii) the prostanoid consistently inhibits serum- or epidermal growth factor-induced cell proliferation and also migration. An involvement of cAMP in the prostaglandin E2 antiproliferative action is suggested by the observation that the prostanoid greatly enhances cAMP level in HTR-8/SVneo cells and that forskolin inhibits cell proliferation; moreover the administration of prostaglandin E2 plus forskolin, a condition which evokes a synergistic enhancement of cAMP, induces a major impairment of cell growth. Provided that our data are applicable to the trophoblast tissue in vivo, we suggest that prostaglandin E2 exerts an important control on extravillous trophoblast cell functions, preventing an excessive proliferation and migration.

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