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J Am Chem Soc. 2005 Sep 21;127(37):12802-3.

A new family of Ru complexes for water oxidation.

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Department of Chemistry, 136 Fleming Building, University of Houston, Houston, Texas 77204-5003, USA.


Reaction of the bridging ligand 3,6-bis-[6'-(1' ',8' '-naphthyrid-2' '-yl)-pyrid-2'-yl]pyridazine (1) with [Ru(DMSO)4Cl2] in aqueous ethanol followed by excess 4-substituted pyridine (4-R-py) in the presence of triethylamine provides a series of three well-organized dinuclear complexes characterized by 1H NMR, MS, and X-ray. Mononuclear analogues are prepared from 4-tert-butyl-2,6-di(1',8'-naphthyrid-2'-yl)pyridine (5) and characterized in a similar fashion. All six complexes show electronic absorption and redox properties consistent with the electron donor/acceptor ability of the axial 4-R-py ligand. When an acetonitrile solution of the catalyst is added to an aqueous Ce(IV)-CF3SO3H solution (pH = 1.0) at 24 degrees C, oxygen evolution is observed for both mono and dinuclear systems. Turnover numbers range from 50 to 3200 with the best results being found when the axial ligand is 4-methylpyridine (mononuclear TN = 580 and dinuclear TN = 3200).

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