Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2005 Sep;9(9):1018-26.

Population-based risk factors for tuberculosis and adverse outcomes among Tibetan refugees in India, 1994-1996.

Author information

1
Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA. lbn9@cdc.gov

Abstract

SETTING:

Tibetan refugees in India, 1994-1996.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine tuberculosis (TB) incidence, independent risk factors for TB, and predictors of adverse outcomes.

DESIGN:

Data from a house-to-house census/demographic survey were merged with TB patient data. Separate multivariable models for each birthplace were developed for outcomes of interest.

RESULTS:

From 1994 to 1996, 47,491 Tibetans were surveyed and 1197 TB cases confirmed (incidence 835/ 100,000). Risk factors for TB in separate multivariable models differed by place of birth. Independent predictors of death for Tibet-born refugees included age >50 years, extra-pulmonary TB, and second-line therapy, while for India-born refugees they included second-line therapy and no improvement at the end of treatment. No significant risk factors for default were identified for Tibet-born refugees, while region of residence and the absence of a BCG scar were independent predictors among those born in India. Predictors of receipt of second-line therapy among Tibet-born refugees included region, years in camps, and prior TB, while among those born in India they were region, age > or =20 years, sputum-positive at diagnosis, and previous TB.

CONCLUSIONS:

TB incidence in Tibetan refugee settlements exceeds the highest national TB rates, and country of birth determines risk factors. TB control efforts in India should include this population.

PMID:
16158895
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Ingenta plc
Loading ...
Support Center