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Agri. 2005 Jul;17(3):19-26.

[Trigeminal neuralgia and treatment options].

[Article in Turkish]

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Istanbul University Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Istanbul, Turkey.


Trigeminal neuralgia is a painful condition of the face characterized by paroxysmal lancinating, shock-like pain confined to the somatosensory distribution of the trigeminal nerve. The etiology of most cases of trigeminal neuralgia has been suggested to be vascular compression of the central axons of the trigeminal nerve at the level of pontocerebellar region, so called hyperactive dysfunctional syndrome. Trigeminal neuralgia is the one of the most known pain syndromes. Several neurosurgical procedures have been developed for the treatment of idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia and in this review, idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia was discussed in aspect of different surgical modalities.

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