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J Clin Virol. 2005 Oct;34(2):125-8.

Enhancement of cytomegalovirus detection in mink lung cells using CMV Turbo.

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Department of Pathology, University Hospitals of Cleveland, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA.



Detection of HCMV from clinical specimens was a slow process until the development of shell vial method with staining for immediate early antigen (IEA). Culture though still considered insensitive is widely used for other than blood samples. A method to improve culture sensitivity is desirable.


TurboTreat, a CMV pretreatment medium from Diagnostic Hybrids Inc., was evaluated on Mv1Lu, R-Mix and MRC-5 cells for improved sensitivity for HCMV detection.


Monolayers of Mv1Lu, R-Mix and MRC-5 cells in 48-well plates were treated with TurboTreat for overnight (o/n), 4 h or left untreated and then inoculated with previously positive HCMV specimens. After o/n incubation, cells were fixed, stained and positive cells counted.


CMV TurboTreat enhanced detection 2-3-fold after 4 h treatment and 4-6-fold after o/n treatment in Mv1Lu and R-Mix cells and to a lesser extend in MRC-5 cells with clinical isolates of HCMV. With frozen clinical specimens, Mv1Lu cells treated o/n, 4 h or untreated detected 23, 21 and 15 positive specimens, respectively. R-Mix cells detected 19, 18, and 14 positives, respectively and MRC-5 cells detected 16, 15 and 15 positives, respectively. In no case was a positive detected in another cell line regardless of treatment that was not detected in Mv1Lu treated o/n.


The o/n pretreatment with CMV TurboTreat on Mv1Lu cells is the optimum condition of treatment and significantly enhanced the detection of HCMV. Even 4 h pretreatment of Mv1Lu cells showed significant enhancement over untreated Mv1Lu, R-Mix and MRC-5 cells. Pretreatment of Mv1Lu cells with CMV TurboTreat for 4 h or longer increased the sensitivity of rapid HCMV detection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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