Send to

Choose Destination
Life Sci. 2006 Feb 2;78(10):1071-7. Epub 2005 Sep 9.

Thyroid hormone regulation of cell migration and oxidative metabolism in polymorphonuclear leukocytes: clinical evidence in thyroidectomized subjects on thyroxine replacement therapy.

Author information

Department of Clinical Medicine, Section of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, University of Insubria, Via Ottorino Rossi n. 9, 21100 Varese VA, Italy.


Migration and superoxide anion (O2-) generation were studied in polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) from 14 athyreotic patients, previously treated by total thyroidectomy and radioiodine therapy for differentiated thyroid carcinoma, and from age- and sex-matched euthyroid healthy controls. Patients were studied twice: in hypothyroidism (visit 1) and after TSH-suppressive L-T4 replacement therapy (visit 2). Random migration and N-formyl-Met-Leu-Phe (fMLP) 0.1-microM induced chemotaxis were similar in cells from patients at both visit 1 and visit 2 and from healthy controls. On the contrary, resting O2- generation in cells from patients was significantly lower than control values, both at visit 1 and 2. At visit 1, fMLP 0.1 muM-induced O2- generation was significantly lower than control values, while phorbol-myristate acetate (PMA) 100-ng/ml induced O2- generation was similar in cells from patients and from controls. At visit 2 both responses increased, resulting in fMLP-induced O2- generation superimposable to control values and PMA-induced O2- generation significantly higher with respect to both visit 1 and cells from controls. In vitro exposure of PMNs from healthy subjects to L-T4 did not affect O2- generation in resting cells, and significantly increased that induced by fMLP or PMA only at high, supra-physiological concentrations. Neither TSH nor T3 had significant effects at any of the concentrations tested. The present results document the existence of a correlation between thyroid status and oxidative metabolism of human PMNs, which is however unlikely to depend upon a direct action of thyroid hormones on these cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center