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Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2005 Sep;82(1):148-55. Epub 2005 Sep 8.

A-412997, a selective dopamine D4 agonist, improves cognitive performance in rats.

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  • 1Neuroscience Research, Abbott Laboratories, AP9A, R4N5, 100 Abbott Park Road, Abbott Park, IL 60064-6115, USA.


The recent development of a highly selective dopamine D4 receptor agonist, A-412997 (2-(3',4',5',6'-tetrahydro-2'H-[2,4'] bipyridinyl-1'-yl)-N-m-tolyl-acetamide), has provided a pharmacological tool with which to conduct systematic investigations into the putative role for dopamine D4 receptors in the central nervous system. These present studies evaluated the potential cognitive enhancing properties of A-412997 in rat models of ADHD (5-trial repeated acquisition inhibitory avoidance in Spontaneous Hypertensive Rat pups) and short-term memory (Social Recognition), in comparison with the less selective dopamine D4 receptor agonists PD168077 and CP226269. A-412997 showed significant dose-dependent efficacy in both models. PD168077 repeatedly improved acquisition in the 5-trial inhibitory avoidance model but failed to reach significance at any dose tested, although significantly improved social recognition was observed (albeit less potent than A-412997). CP226269 showed a significant enhancement in the 5-trial inhibitory avoidance model. These results support a role for the dopamine D4 receptor subtype in cognition.

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