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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2005 Oct 15;1731(1):32-40. Epub 2005 Aug 29.

Role of nucleolin in posttranscriptional control of MMP-9 expression.

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Charité, Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Institut für Vegetative Physiologie, 10117 Berlin, Germany.


Matrix-metalloproteinases (MMPs), which are able to degrade extra cellular matrix (ECM) components, are crucial in ECM-remodeling, under physiological (e.g., embryogenesis, wound healing, angiogenesis) or pathophysiological conditions (e.g., arthritis, cancer progression and metastasis, fibrosis). Treating HT1080 cells, a human fibrosarcoma cell line, with the iron chelator 2,2-Dipyridyl, which mimics certain aspects of hypoxia, leads to a 3-fold elevated Matrix-metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) protein level. This elevation occurs within 3 h, without any change of mRNA-concentration. The rapid increase in MMP-9 expression is caused by an enhancement of translational efficiency characterized by a recruitment of translationally inactive MMP-9 mRNP-complexes into the rough endoplasmatic reticulum (rER). Reporter gene assays, which depend on the untranslated regions (UTR) of MMP-9 mRNA, reveal that the posttranscriptional regulation is mainly attributed to the 3'UTR. RNA/protein interaction studies indicate that the elevated binding of nucleolin ( approximately 64 kDa form) to the 3'UTR may be of major importance for the increased efficiency of MMP-9 translation. The results show that MMP-9 expression can be regulated posttranscriptionally, affecting the efficiency of translation and localization of the mRNA.

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