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Cell Microbiol. 2005 Oct;7(10):1398-403.

Zwitterionic capsular polysaccharides: the new MHCII-dependent antigens.

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Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.


The immune system has evolved the ability for T cells to recognize nearly any biological polymer, including peptides, protein superantigens, and glycolipids through presentation by the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) proteins such as MHC class I (MHCI), MHC class II (MHCII), and CD1. A recent and unexpected addition to this list is the zwitterionic capsular polysaccharide (ZPS). These bacterial molecules utilize MHCII presentation to activate T cells via recognition by alphabeta T cell receptor (alphabetaTCR) proteins. In this review, we explore what is currently known about ZPS processing and presentation within antigen-presenting cells (APCs) and the immune response that follows.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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