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Microbiology. 2005 Sep;151(Pt 9):2975-86.

Structural features, properties and regulation of the outer-membrane protein W (OmpW) of Vibrio cholerae.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, Bose Institute, Kolkata-700 054, India.

Abstract

The outer-membrane protein OmpW of Vibrio cholerae was studied with respect to its structure, functional properties and regulation of expression. On SDS-PAGE, the membrane-associated form of OmpW protein (solubilized by either 0.1 % or 2 % SDS at 25 degrees C) migrated as a monomer of 19 kDa that changed to 21 kDa on boiling. The protein was hyperexpressed in Escherichia coli in the histidine-tagged form and the purified His(6)-OmpW (heated or unheated) migrated as a 23 kDa protein on SDS-PAGE. Circular dichroism and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopic analyses of the recombinant protein showed the presence of beta-structures ( approximately 40 %) with minor amounts (8-15 %) of alpha-helix. These results were consistent with those obtained by computational analysis of the sequence data of the protein using the secondary structure prediction program Jnet. The recombinant protein did not exhibit any porin-like property in a liposome-swelling assay. An antiserum to the purified protein induced a moderate level (66.6 % and 33.3 % at 1 : 50 and 1 : 100 dilutions, respectively) of passive protection against live vibrio challenge in a suckling mouse model. OmpW-deficient mutants of V. cholerae strains were generated by insertion mutagenesis. In a competitive assay in mice, the intestinal colonization activities of these mutants were found to be either only marginally diminished (for O1 strains) or 10-fold less (for an O139 strain) as compared to those of the corresponding wild-type strains. The OmpW protein was expressed in vivo as well as in vitro in liquid culture medium devoid of glucose. Interestingly, the glucose-dependent regulation of OmpW expression was less prominent in a ToxR(-) mutant of V. cholerae. Further, the expression of OmpW protein was found to be dependent on in vitro cultural conditions such as temperature, salinity, and availability of nutrients or oxygen. These results suggest that the modulation of OmpW expression by environmental factors may be linked to the adaptive response of the organism under stress conditions.

PMID:
16151208
DOI:
10.1099/mic.0.27995-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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