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J Biol Chem. 2005 Nov 11;280(45):37660-8. Epub 2005 Sep 2.

Cross-talk between Wnt and bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) signaling in differentiation pathway of C2C12 myoblasts.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.


Loss of function of the Wnt co-receptor, lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5, decreases bone formation, and a point mutation in this gene results in high bone mass, indicating the importance of this signaling pathway in bone formation. However, the exact mechanism is currently unknown. We examined a potential role for Wnt signaling and functional cross-talk of bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) in osteoblast differentiation. To assess the contribution of Wnt, we generated C2C12 cells over-expressing Wnt3a or Wnt5a and treated these with BMP-2. We showed that expression of matrix extracellular phosphoglycoprotein was induced by BMP-2 in Wnt3a over-expressing C2C12 cells but not in Wnt5a over-expressing C2C12 cells. Over-expression of Wnt3a blocked BMP-2-induced inhibition of myotube formation in C2C12 cells when switched to low mitogen medium. In these cultures, expression of inhibitor of DNA binding/differentiation (Id) 1, a helix-loop-helix protein induced by BMP-2, decreased in stable Wnt3a- but not in Wnt5a-expressing cells. This suppression is mediated by a GC-rich region of the BMP-2-responsive element of the Id1 gene promoter, and interaction between Smad1/4 and beta-catenin is crucial for Wnt-mediated suppression of the BMP-2 response in C2C12 cells. Over-expression of the inhibitor of canonical Wnt signaling, Dickkopf, inhibits this suppression. In contrast, BMP-2 or Smad1/4 up-regulated Wnt3a or activated beta-catenin-induced lymphoid-enhancing factor 1/T cell factor-dependent transcriptional activity. These findings identify functional cross-talk of Id1 expression between Wnt and BMP signaling and demonstrate a novel mechanism for Wnt regulation of the BMP-2 response, linking Id1 expression to Wnt/beta-catenin signaling.

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