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J Neuroimmunol. 2005 Dec;169(1-2):161-71. Epub 2005 Sep 15.

Dopamine by itself activates either D2, D3 or D1/D5 dopaminergic receptors in normal human T-cells and triggers the selective secretion of either IL-10, TNFalpha or both.

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Department of Neurobiology, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel.


The neurotransmitter dopamine on its own increased significantly TNFalpha and IL-10 secretion by resting normal-human T-cells, and induced approximately 5-fold elevation of the corresponding mRNA's, without affecting IFNgamma and IL-4. Using seven highly selective dopamine-receptor (DR) agonists and antagonists we found that TNFalpha-upregulation, evident after 24 h, was mediated by D3R and D1/D5R while IL-10-upregulation, evident after 72 h, was mediated by D2R and D1/D5R. We confirmed the expression of D2R and D3R in these human T cells. Dopamine's unique ability to trigger a selective secretion of either TNFalpha only (via D3R) or IL-10 only (via D2R) or both (via D1/D5R), differs from the robust and non-selective cytokine-secretion induced by 'classical' TCR-activation, and as such may have important beneficial or detrimental implications in various immunological and neurological diseases/injuries/cancers.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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