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Behav Pharmacol. 2005 Sep;16(5-6):499-510.

Behavioral pharmacological properties of a novel cannabinoid 1',1'-dithiolane delta8-THC analog, AMG-3.

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Department of Pharmacology, Medical School, University of Ioannina, 45110 Ioannina, Greece.


Newly developed cannabinoids may hold the promise of the development of useful and safe drugs. This study aimed to investigate the behavioral effects of the novel 1',1'-dithiolane delta8-HC analogue AMG-3, a cannabinomimetic molecule with high affinity for CB1/CB2 receptors. This analog was chosen for its binding affinity to these receptors, which is higher than that reported for delta8-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta8-THC). Behavioral responses were assessed after the administration of AMG-3 (1, 2, 4, 8 mg/kg, i.p.) in the open field, on the bar test, on the hot plate and in the intracranial self-stimulation procedure. AMG-3 increased the reactivity time on the hot plate in a dose- and time-dependent manner, indicating a long-lasting analgesic effect (at least 24 h). The substance was found dose-dependently to decrease spontaneous motor activity and to induce catalepsy, particularly at the highest dose (8 mg/kg). AMG-3 did not affect the rewarding value of intracranial self-stimulation, except to increase the reward threshold at the highest dose (8 mg/kg). The effects of the highest dose of AMG-3 on spontaneous activity and on the self-stimulation paradigm were completely reversed by pre-treatment with the CB1 receptor antagonist AM-251. These findings indicate that the administration of AMG-3 to rats elicits a specific behavioral profile, most probably associated with the activation of CB1 receptors and without effects indicating abuse potential.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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