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J Immunol. 2005 Sep 15;175(6):4060-8.

The urokinase/urokinase receptor system mediates the IgG immune complex-induced inflammation in lung.

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Department of Nephrology, Medical School Hannover, Hannover, Germany.

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  • J Immunol. 2007 Oct 15;179(8):5604. Zwirner, Jörg [removed].


Immune complex (IC) deposition induces an acute inflammatory response with tissue injury. IC-induced inflammation is mediated by inflammatory cell infiltration, a process highly regulated by the cell surface-specific receptor (uPAR), a binding partner for the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA). We assessed the role of the uPA/uPAR system in IC-induced inflammation using the pulmonary reverse passive Arthus reaction in mice lacking uPA and uPAR compared with their corresponding wild-type controls. Both uPA-deficient C57BL/6J (uPA(-/-)) and uPAR-deficient mice on a mixed C57BL/6J (75%) x 129 (25%) background (uPAR(-/-)) demonstrated a marked reduction of the inflammatory response due to decreased production of proinflammatory mediators TNF-alpha and Glu-Leu-Arg (ELR)-CXC chemokine MIP-2. In uPAR(-/-) animals, the reduction of inflammatory response was more pronounced because of decreased migratory capacity of polymorphonuclear leukocytes. We show that the uPA/uPAR system is activated in lung of wild-type mice, particularly in resident alveolar macrophages (AM), early in IC-induced alveolitis. This activation is necessary for an adequate C5a anaphylatoxin receptor signaling on AM that, in turn, modulates the functional balance of the activating/inhibitory IgG FcgammaRs responsible for proinflammatory mediator release. These data provide the first evidence that the uPA/uPAR plays an important immunoregulatory role in the initiation of the reverse passive Arthus reaction in the lung by setting the threshold for C5a anaphylatoxin receptor/FcgammaR activation on AM. The findings indicate an important link between the uPA/uPAR system and the two main components involved in the IC inflammation, namely, complement and FcgammaRs.

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