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Front Biosci. 2006 Jan 1;11:637-46.

Involvement of SMAD4, but not of SMAD2, in transforming growth factor-beta1-induced trophoblast expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2.

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State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China.


Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play crucial roles in extravillous trophoblast invasion. In the present study, we examined the possible role of Smad4 and Smad2 in transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1-induced MMP-2 expression, using the well-established invasive extravillous trophoblast cell line HTR-8/SVneo. Recombinant sense Smad4 or Smad2 retroviral vectors were constructed by inserting full-length Smad4 or Smad2 cDNA into pLXSN retroviral vector. Stable PT67 packaging cell clones were isolated and viral supernatants were used to infect HTR-8/SVneo cells. Effects of retroviral expression of Smad4 and Smad2 on TGF-beta1-regulated MMP-2 expression were assessed by semi-quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and gelatin zymography. The results showed that over-expression of Smad4 augmented MMP-2 mRNA abundance and the secretion of pro-MMP-2, and mimicked the inductive effect of TGF-beta1 on the production of MMP-2. However, retrovirus-mediated sense Smad2 gene transfer had no effect. These findings suggest that Smad4, but not Smad2, mediates TGF-beta1-induced MMP-2 expression in invasive extravillous trophoblasts.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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