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J Clin Microbiol. 2005 Sep;43(9):4674-9.

Comparison of two probes for testing susceptibilities of pathogenic yeasts to voriconazole, itraconazole, and caspofungin by flow cytometry.

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Department of Microbiology, Porto School of Medicine, Alameda Prof. Hernani Monteiro, Porto, Portugal.


A cytometric approach to determine the susceptibilities of Candida spp. and Cryptococcus neoformans to voriconazole, itraconazole, and caspofungin is described. A total of 63 clinical isolates with different susceptibility patterns were exposed for 1, 2, 4, and 6 h to serial concentrations of each antifungal agent, followed by staining with two fluorescent probes: propidium iodide (PI) and FUN-1. FUN-1 was able to identify the susceptibility patterns of the assayed strains to the three agents after 1 h. PI penetrated a maximum of 50% of the cells treated with PI, at the highest concentration of caspofungin, 16 mug/ml, after 6 h of incubation (this percentage varied with the strain and was drug concentration and time of incubation dependent) and did not stain cells treated with high concentrations of either azole after 6 h. The use of FUN-1 appears to be an excellent fast and reliable alternative to the classical dilution method for determining the susceptibility of Candida spp. and C. neoformans to these three antifungal agents.

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