Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Hypertension. 2005 Oct;46(4):960-8. Epub 2005 Sep 6.

Decrease in urinary albumin excretion associated with the normalization of nocturnal blood pressure in hypertensive subjects.

Author information

Bioengineering Laboratory, University of Vigo, Campus Universitario, Vigo, Spain.


Previous results have indicated that valsartan administration at bedtime as opposed to on wakening improves the diurnal/nocturnal ratio of blood pressure without loss in efficacy and therapeutic coverage. We hypothesized that increasing this ratio could reduce microalbuminuria. We conducted a prospective, randomized, open-label, blinded endpoint trial on 200 previously untreated nonproteinuric patients with grade 1 to 2 essential hypertension, assigned to receive valsartan (160 mg/d) as a monotherapy either on awakening or at bedtime. Blood pressure was measured by ambulatory monitoring for 48 consecutive hours before and after 3 months of treatment. Physical activity was simultaneously monitored every minute by wrist actigraphy to accurately calculate the diurnal and nocturnal means of blood pressure on a per-subject basis. The significant blood pressure reduction after 3 months of therapy was similar for both treatment times. The diurnal/nocturnal blood pressure ratio was unchanged after valsartan on awakening, but significantly increased from 7.5 to 12.2 (P<0.001) when valsartan was administered at bedtime. Urinary albumin excretion was significantly reduced by 41% after bedtime treatment. This reduction was independent of the 24-hour blood pressure decrease but highly correlated with the decrease in nocturnal blood pressure and mainly with the increase in diurnal/nocturnal ratio (P<0.001). Bedtime valsartan administration improves the diurnal/nocturnal blood pressure ratio to a more dipper profile. This normalization of the circadian blood pressure pattern is associated with a significant decrease in urinary albumin excretion and plasma fibrinogen, and could thus reduce the increased cardiovascular risk in nondipper hypertensive patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center