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South Med J. 2005 Aug;98(8):800-4.

The Lexington physicians of General Robert E. Lee.

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Stanford University Medical Center, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Sutter Memorial Hospital, Sacramento, CA, USA.


General Robert E. Lee has been interpreted by history as one of the most intriguing personalities of the American Civil War era. In more recent years, there has been much speculation regarding General Lee's health during the war and the possible influence this had on his decision making and performance. Lee's personal letters during and after the war provide some documentation about his health condition, albeit through the eyes of a lay person. The history that was recorded by his personal physicians in Lexington, Virginia provides invaluable insights into his medical history. This manuscript focuses on the lives of these two physicians, Drs. Howard Barton and Robert Madison, and their interactions with their famous patient.

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