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Eur J Cancer. 2005 Oct;41(15):2360-5. Epub 2005 Sep 6.

Polymorphism of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A7 gene: a possible new risk factor for lung cancer.

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Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Institute of Clinical Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-174 Edobashi, Tsu, Mie 514-8507, Japan.


UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1A7 detoxifies hydroxylated benzo-(alpha)-pyrenes and 2-hydroxyamino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo (4,5-beta) pyridine. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether UGT1A7 polymorphisms are risk factors for lung cancer. A total of 113 Japanese patients with lung cancer and 178 healthy individuals were enrolled in this study. Genomic DNA was isolated from leukocytes. Exon 1 of UGT1A7 was sequenced. Homozygous UGT1A7*3/3 was observed in 17 (15%) of patients with lung cancer, and this incidence was significantly increased compared with the control group (4.5%, P=0.0036). Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated a significant association of lung cancer with Brinkmann index (odds ratio=4.577, P=0.0004) and homozygous UGT1A7*3 (odds ratio=4.020, P=0.0037). The presence of UGT1A7 polymorphisms was associated with lung cancer. Homozygous UGT1A7*3 is a possible risk factor for lung cancer, at least in the Japanese population. Thus, determination of UGT1A7 polymorphisms may provide an important clue to preventive measures against lung cancer.

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