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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Oct 21;336(2):579-84.

Identification of a subgroup of glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored tryptases.

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1
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, 9 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA.

Abstract

The tryptase locus on mouse chromosome 17A3.3 contains 13 genes that encode enzymatically active serine proteases with different tissue expression profiles and substrate specificities. Mouse mast cell protease (mMCP) 6, mMCP-7, mMCP-11/protease serine member S (Prss) 34, tryptase 6/Prss33, tryptase epsilon/Prss22, implantation serine protease (Isp) 1/Prss28, and Isp-2 are constitutively exocytosed enzymes. We now demonstrate that tryptase 5/Prss32, pancreasin/Prss27, and testis serine protease-1 are inserted into plasma membranes via glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchors analogous to Prss21, and that these serine proteases can be released from the cell's surface by a phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C. These data suggest that the C-terminal residues play key roles in determining where tryptases compartmentalize in cells. GPI-anchored proteins are targeted to lipid rafts. Thus, our identification of a number of GPI-anchored tryptases whose genes reside at mouse chromosome 17A3.3 also implicates important biological functions for this new family of serine proteases on the surfaces of cells.

PMID:
16143303
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbrc.2005.08.137
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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