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Gastroenterology. 2005 Sep;129(3):913-27.

CpG motifs of bacterial DNA essentially contribute to the perpetuation of chronic intestinal inflammation.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine I, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany. Florian.Obermeier@klinik.uni-regensburg.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Recently, we demonstrated a proinflammatory effect of cytosin-guanosin dinucleotide (CpG)-oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) treatment in established dextran sulphate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. Here, we investigated whether DNA derived from luminal bacteria plays a role in the perpetuation of chronic intestinal inflammation.

METHODS:

Toll-like receptor (TLR9)-deficient and wild-type (wt) control mice were used for the induction of chronic DSS colitis. Moreover, mice with established chronic colitis using different experimental models were treated with adenoviral ODN (AV-ODN) known to block CpG effects. Colonic inflammation was scored and cytokine production was quantified both in colonic tissue and draining mesenteral lymph node cells (MLC).

RESULTS:

Eight weeks after induction of chronic DSS colitis in TLR9-deficient mice, intestinal inflammation was significantly lower (-68%), and proinflammatory cytokine production was drastically reduced. Treatment of wt mice with chronic DSS-induced colitis with AV-ODN resulted in a significant amelioration of disease with a reduced histologic score (-43%) and reduced cytokine production of MLC (interleukin [IL]-6: -68%; interferon [IFN]-gamma: -48%) and RNA expression of the T helper (Th)1-specific transcription factor T-bet (-62%) in colonic tissue. Qualitatively, the same results were obtained in the severe combined immunodeficiency disease (SCID) transfer model of colitis and in spontaneous colitis in IL-10-deficient mice.

CONCLUSIONS:

Bacterial DNA derived from luminal bacteria contributes significantly to the perpetuation of chronic intestinal inflammation. Inhibition of the immune-stimulating properties of bacterial DNA using AV-ODN may offer a novel and specific tool for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease.

PMID:
16143131
DOI:
10.1053/j.gastro.2005.06.061
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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