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Cell. 2005 Sep 9;122(5):693-705.

Reconstitution of 5'-directed human mismatch repair in a purified system.

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Graduate Center for Toxicology and Markey Cancer Center, University of Kentucky Medical Center, Lexington, Kentucky 40536, USA.


This paper reports reconstitution of 5'-nick-directed mismatch repair using purified human proteins. The reconstituted system includes MutSalpha or MutSbeta, MutLalpha, RPA, EXO1, HMGB1, PCNA, RFC, polymerase delta, and ligase I. In this system, MutSbeta plays a limited role in repair of base-base mismatches, but it processes insertion/deletion mispairs much more efficiently than MutSalpha, which efficiently corrects both types of heteroduplexes. MutLalpha reduces the processivity of EXO1 and terminates EXO1-catalyzed excision upon mismatch removal. In the absence of MutLalpha, mismatch-provoked excision by EXO1 occurs extensively. RPA and HMGB1 play similar but complementary roles in stimulating MutSalpha-activated, EXO1-catalyzed excision in the presence of a mismatch, but RPA has a distinct role in facilitating MutLalpha-mediated excision termination past mismatch. Evidence is provided that efficient repair of a single mismatch requires multiple molecules of MutSalpha-MutLalpha complex. These data suggest a model for human mismatch repair involving coordinated initiation and termination of mismatch-provoked excision.

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