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BMC Med Genet. 2005 Sep 5;6:31.

No evidence for the association of DRD4 with ADHD in a Taiwanese population within-family study.

Author information

1
MRC Social Genetic Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK. k.brookes@iop.kcl.ac.u

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent and highly heritable childhood disorder. The dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene has shown a genetic association with ADHD in Caucasian populations with meta-analysis indicating a small but significant effect across datasets. It remains uncertain whether this association can be generalised to non-Caucasian ethnic groups. Here we investigate two markers within the DRD4 gene in a Taiwanese population, the exon 3 variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) and a 5' 120 base-pair duplication.

METHODS:

Within-family transmission disequilibrium tests of association of the 5' 120 base-pair duplication, and exon 3 VNTR in a Taiwanese population.

RESULTS:

No evidence of association of ADHD with either polymorphism in this population was observed.

CONCLUSION:

The DRD4 gene markers investigated were not found to be associated with ADHD in this Taiwanese sample. Further work in Taiwanese and other Asian populations will therefore be required to establish whether the reports of association of DRD4 genetic variants in Caucasian samples can be generalised to Asian populations.

PMID:
16143039
PMCID:
PMC1236928
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2350-6-31
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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