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Nucleic Acids Res. 2005 Sep 1;33(15):4882-98. Print 2005.

Biased exon/intron distribution of cryptic and de novo 3' splice sites.

Author information

1
University of Southampton School of Medicine, Division of Human Genetics Southampton SO16 6YD, UK.

Abstract

We compiled sequences of previously published aberrant 3' splice sites (3'ss) that were generated by mutations in human disease genes. Cryptic 3'ss, defined here as those resulting from a mutation of the 3'YAG consensus, were more frequent in exons than in introns. They clustered in approximately 20 nt region adjacent to authentic 3'ss, suggesting that their under-representation in introns is due to a depletion of AG dinucleotides in the polypyrimidine tract (PPT). In contrast, most aberrant 3'ss that were induced by mutations outside the 3'YAG consensus (designated 'de novo') were in introns. The activation of intronic de novo 3'ss was largely due to AG-creating mutations in the PPT. In contrast, exonic de novo 3'ss were more often induced by mutations improving the PPT, branchpoint sequence (BPS) or distant auxiliary signals, rather than by direct AG creation. The Shapiro-Senapathy matrix scores had a good prognostic value for cryptic, but not de novo 3'ss. Finally, AG-creating mutations in the PPT that produced aberrant 3'ss upstream of the predicted BPS in vivo shared a similar 'BPS-new AG' distance. Reduction of this distance and/or the strength of the new AG PPT in splicing reporter pre-mRNAs improved utilization of authentic 3'ss, suggesting that AG-creating mutations that are located closer to the BPS and are preceded by weaker PPT may result in less severe splicing defects.

PMID:
16141195
PMCID:
PMC1197134
DOI:
10.1093/nar/gki811
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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