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Trends Cell Biol. 2005 Oct;15(10):533-9.

Myosin-X: a molecular motor at the cell's fingertips.

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Medical Biomolecular Research Building, Department of Cell and Molecular Physiology, CB #7545, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599-7545, USA.


Research in several areas, including unconventional myosins and deafness genes, has converged recently on a group of myosins whose tails contain myosin tail homology 4 (MyTH4) and band 4.1, ezrin, radixin, moesin (FERM) domains. Although these 'MyTH-FERM' myosins are not present in yeast and plants, they are present in slime molds, worms, flies and mammals, where they mediate interactions between the cytoskeleton and the plasma membrane. The most broadly distributed MyTH-FERM myosin in vertebrate cells appears to be myosin-X (Myo10). This myosin can act as a link to integrins and microtubules, stimulate the formation of filopodia and undergo a novel form of motility within filopodia.

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