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Clin Nutr. 2005 Dec;24(6):988-97. Epub 2005 Sep 6.

L-arginine improves endothelial function and reduces LDL oxidation in patients with stable coronary artery disease.

Author information

1
Division of Cardiology, Cheng-Hsin General Hospital, and Institute of Clinical Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We investigated the effects of oral L-arginine on endothelial function, intravascular oxidative stress, and circulating inflammatory markers in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD).

METHODS:

Thirty-one stable CAD patients were randomly assigned to oral L-arginine (10 g) or vitamin C (500 mg, an antioxidant, as active control) daily for 4 weeks, with crossover to the alternate therapy after 2 weeks off therapy, in this study. Brachial artery endothelial function studies were performed and serum concentrations of lipids and inflammatory markers were measured at baseline, at the end of each 4-week treatment period and at the 2-week wash-out period. Susceptibility of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles to oxidation, a marker of oxidative stress, was determined in 11 patients at random before and after 4-week treatment of oral L-arginine.

RESULTS:

We demonstrates that consumption of either L-arginine or vitamin C significantly increased brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation (mean diameter change from baseline of 4.87%, P<0.0001 and of 3.17%, P=0.0003, respectively). Neither oral L-arginine nor vitamin C affected lipid profiles and circulating levels of inflammatory markers. However, in the 11 patients whose LDL susceptibility to oxidation was determined, lag time significantly increased by 27.1% (P=0.045) after consumption of L-arginine for 4 weeks.

CONCLUSIONS:

Oral L-arginine supplement improved endothelial function and reduced LDL oxidation in stable CAD patients.

PMID:
16140428
DOI:
10.1016/j.clnu.2005.07.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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