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Cell Calcium. 2005 Dec;38(6):547-56. Epub 2005 Sep 2.

Inhibition of phospholipase C activity in Drosophila photoreceptors by 1,2-bis(2-aminophenoxy)ethane N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (BAPTA) and di-bromo BAPTA.

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Cambridge University, Department of Anatomy, Downing St, Cambridge CB2 3DY, UK.


In vivo light-induced and basal hydrolysis of phosphatidyl inositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) by phospholipase C (PLC) were monitored in Drosophila photoreceptors using genetically targeted PIP2-sensitive ion channels (Kir2.1) as electrophysiological biosensors for PIP2. In cells loaded via patch pipettes with varying concentrations of Ca2+ buffered by 4 mM free BAPTA, light-induced PLC activity, showed an apparent bell-shaped dependence on free Ca2+ (maximum at "100 nM", approximately 10-fold inhibition at <10nM or approximately 1 microM). However, experiments where the total BAPTA concentration was varied whilst free [Ca2+] was maintained constant indicated that inhibition of PLC at higher (>100 nM) nominal Ca2+ concentrations was independent of Ca2+ and due to inhibition by BAPTA itself (IC50 approximately 8 mM). Di-bromo BAPTA (DBB) was yet more potent at inhibiting PLC activity (IC50 approximately 1mM). Both BAPTA and DBB also appeared to induce a modest, but less severe inhibition of basal PLC activity. By contrast, EGTA, failed to inhibit PLC activity when pre-loaded with Ca2+, but like BAPTA, inhibited both basal and light-induced PLC activity when introduced without Ca2+. The results indicate that both BAPTA and DBB inhibit PLC activity independently of their role as Ca2+ chelators, whilst non-physiologically low (<100 nM) levels of Ca2+ suppress both basal and light-induced PLC activity.

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