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Gynecol Obstet Fertil. 2005 Oct;33(10):824-7.

[Extending preimplantation genetic diagnosis to HLA typing: the Paris experience].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Département de génétique et unité Inserm 393, hôpital Necker-Enfants-Malades, 149, rue de Sèvres, 75743 Paris cedex 15, France. steffann@necker.fr

Abstract

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) consists in the genetic analysis of one or two cells. These cells (blastomeres) are sampled from embryos, obtained by in vitro fertilization, at the third day of development. Since 1998, the bioethical laws (1994) and their decrees restricted PGD practices in France, strictly to the avoidance of the birth of a child affected with a genetic defect. In parallel, works on blood cord transplantation, taken at the birth of a compatible HLA sibling, showed very encouraging results, particularly for the treatment of Fanconi anemia. In 2001, Verlinsky et al., have reported the first PGD for Fanconi anaemia combined with HLA typing, allowing the birth of a healthy child, HLA-identical with his affected sister. The "designer baby" concept was born. The French law, which allowed PGD under specific conditions, i.e. when the genetic defect has been characterized in one parent at least, recently extended PGD to HLA typing when embryos are at risk of a genetic disorder. Article L.2131-4-1 (August 2004) allows the practice of HLA typing for PGD embryos when an elder sibling is affected with a genetic disorder and need stem cell transplantation. The HLA-matched offspring resulting from PGD can give cord blood at birth to supply the necessary therapy. This double selection give rise to serious ethical problems, but technical difficulties and legal restrictions will probably limit the development of such a procedure.

PMID:
16139553
DOI:
10.1016/j.gyobfe.2005.07.035
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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