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J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2005 Sep;16 Suppl 1:S52-8.

Ablation of idiopathic right ventricular outflow tract tachycardia: current perspectives.

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Cardiovascular Institute, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, Illinois 60153, USA.


Ventricular tachycardia (VT) arising from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) in the absence of overt structural heart disease is a common entity. Exclusion of occult structural disease such as arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy is critical as this diagnosis impacts both ablation outcomes and long-term prognosis. VT is most commonly due to triggered activity. Induction of the target arrhythmia in the laboratory is often problematic, and is frequently facilitated by catecholamine infusion. Recent data indicate that high-density three-dimensional activation mapping facilitates identification of target sites for ablation, and that the spatial resolution of pacemapping may be more limited than previously recognized. A standard 12-lead electrocardiogram is useful in providing an initial approximation of the site of origin within the outflow tract, and may contain subtle clues to potentially confounding foci on the left ventricular endocardial or epicardial surface. When sufficient arrhythmia is present to permit mapping, successful ablation can be expected in 90-95% of patients, with a recurrence risk of approximately 5%. In experienced centers, major complications are <or=1% and outcomes should approach those obtained for the common forms of supraventricular tachycardia.

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